Vastavam web: Despite rapid economic growth, the Asia-Pacific region has nearly a half billion people who go hungry as progress stalls in improving food security and basic living conditions, a United Nations report said Friday. Even in relatively well-to-do cities like Bangkok and the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur, poor families cannot afford enough good food for their children, often with devastating long-term consequences for their health and future productivity, says the report compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organisation and three other UN agencies.
In Pakistan only 4 per cent of children were getting a “minimally acceptable diet,” it said, citing a government survey. To be able to meet a goal of reaching zero hunger in the region by 2030, 110,000 people need to be lifted out of hunger and malnutrition every single day, said the FAO’s regional director-general, Kundhavi Kadiresan. “After all those years of gains in fighting hunger and malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific we now find ourselves at a virtual standstill,” she said.
In the longer term, rates of malnutrition did fall from nearly 18 per cent in 2005 to 11 per cent in 2017, but hunger-related stunting that causes permanent impairment is worsening due to food insecurity and inadequate sanitation, with 79 million children younger than 5 across the region affected, the report said. The high risks also are reflected in the prevalence in wasting among very young children, a dangerous rapid weight loss related to illness or a lack of food, it said.
The condition is seen most often in India and other parts of South Asia but also in Indonesia, Malaysia and Cambodia, affecting almost one in 10 children in Southeast Asia and 15 per cent of children in South Asia. Conversely, even overweight children often are malnourished if their families rely on inexpensive street foods that are oily, starchy and sweet, but unhealthy and sometimes unsafe. The report focused on two main factors that often contributed to food insecurity: climate-related disasters and inadequate access to clear water and sanitation.
Its authors said that providing adequate clean drinking water and sanitation were crucial for preventing illnesses that further undermine health, especially among children. In Indonesia, for example, a study cited in the report found that the prevalence of stunting correlated very closely with access to improved latrines.
Children whose families relied on untreated water were more than thrice as likely to be stunted if their homes lacked such latrines, it said. While access to drinking water is widespread it has stopped improving and actually decreased in urban areas, the report said. Many poor living in Southeast Asia rely on bottled water that claims to be suitable for drinking but often is contaminated. Ending the practice of open defecation, seen most widely in India, remains challenging, the report said, partly due to customary factors.