China pumps $109 billion into economy as trade war against US bites on growth

Vastavam web: China’s central bank said on Sunday that it was cutting the reserve requirement ratios (RRRs) by one per cent from October 15 which will inject a net USD 109.2 billion in cash into the banking system, amid a deepening trade war with the US that has increased pressure on growth in the world’s second-largest economy. The reserve cut, the fourth by the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) this year, came after Beijing pledged to speed up plans to invest billions of dollars in infrastructure projects as the economy shows signs of cooling further. The PBOC said on Sunday it will cut the RRR for RMB deposits by one percentage point starting from October 15. The cut will enable banks in China to release 1.2 trillion-yuan cash for additional lending.

The announcement of the relaxing the RRR requirement for the banks, which are also saddled with the huge local government debt of USD 2.58 trillion comes amid deepening trade war with US and raising of the interest rates by US Federal Reserve, intensifying the pressure on capital outflows. The huge cash outflow from the banks was expected to help the private businesses to access more credit as their products faced an uncertain prospect in the US, which is China’s second largest market after the European Union.

US President Donald Trump kicked off the trade war in June by slapping additional tariffs on billions of dollars Chinese exports, piling up pressure on China to reduce over USD 335 billion trade deficit in the USD 710.4 billion bilateral trade. The injection of cash into the economy will also boost hopes that the negative impact of higher US tariffs on Chinese exports can be eased. The PBOC’s announcement comes at the end of weeklong national day holidays which ends on Sunday.

It also comes ahead of Monday’s visit here by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo for the second of talks with Chinese leaders on trade and security issues. There are sufficient conditions for the RMB exchange rate to remain basically stable at a reasonable and balanced level, it said. “The PBOC will continue to take necessary measures to stabilize market expectations and keep the foreign exchange market running smoothly,” it said.