Afghanistan committed to parliamentary vote despite security threats

Vastavam web: Afghans will return to the polls for parliamentary elections on Saturday, hoping to bring change to a corrupt government that has lost nearly half the country to the Taliban. In the eight years since Afghanistan last held parliamentary elections, a resurgent Taliban have carried out near-daily attacks on security forces, seizing large swathes of the countryside and threatening major cities.

An even more radical Islamic State affiliate has launched a wave of bombings targeting the country’s Shiite minority, killing hundreds. Both groups have threatened to attack anyone taking part in the vote. Many of those Afghans brave enough to defy the death threats hope to vote in a new generation of younger and better-educated leaders. But they fear that former warlords and the corrupt political elite will cling to power by lavishing entertainment and cash handouts on impoverished voters.

“I am still not hopeful it will be fair,” said Saeed Matin, a fruit seller in a mostly Shiite neighborhood of Kabul who was bundled up against the chilly autumn evening. He waved off the threats from the Taliban and said he hoped for new leadership, pointing to campaign posters showing younger candidates.
“They are young and educated and I wish they could do something, but 100 per cent I am worried the warlords and the corrupt people will not give them a chance,” he said.

Poor governance has also confounded Washington’s efforts to find a peaceful exit from the 17-year war the longest in American history which has cost the United States more than 2,400 lives and over USD 900 billion. The Taliban point to the government’s dysfunction as proof of its illegitimacy, and have rejected international demands to hold peace talks with the authorities in Kabul, who they view as Western puppets. They say they will only negotiate directly with the United States, which they view as an occupying power.

Religious conservatives, even those who have not taken up arms, are increasingly echoing the Taliban’s rhetoric, saying years of Western influence have eroded the country’s values a mix of Islamic teachings and tribal traditions causing a breakdown of society. He said clerics routinely inveigh against women’s participation in the workforce a rare bright spot in Afghanistan’s recent history as well as independent media and human rights activists.

Despite the widespread pessimism, analysts and activists say the elections which were delayed for three years because of insecurity send an important message to the Taliban that no matter how unpopular the current government is, the political system is here to stay. “It is very important to indicate to the Taliban that the government is functioning, the institutions in Afghanistan are functioning and that the political process . . . is also functioning,” said Kabul-based analyst Haroun Mir.

“It will be a clear message to the insurgents and to the Taliban that they have to deal with the political process that is accepted by the majority of the Afghan people.” In the heavily-fortified offices of the Independent Election Commission, Wasima Badghisy is working on final preparations for the vote. The most pressing concern is security. Earlier this week, the Taliban warned students and teachers not to vote and not to allow their schools to be used as polling stations.

Militant attacks have killed seven candidates, both before and after the 20-day campaign period started. Two candidates have been abducted, their fates unknown, and three others have been wounded in violence. On Thursday, at least two senior provincial officials in the southern province of Kandahar were killed by one of their own guards during a meeting to discuss security ahead of the vote. The Taliban claimed the attack, saying their target was U.S. Gen. Scott Miller, the commander of U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan, who was unharmed.