Vastavam web: Final results from Iraq’s election confirmed today that an alliance spearheaded by populist cleric Moqtada Sadr has triumphed, but the fiery preacher faces a huge task to form a governing coalition.Sadr’s Marching Towards Reform bloc won 54 of the 329 seats in parliament in a major upset at a May 12 vote that saw a record level of abstentions as Iraqis turned their back on a widely reviled elite.
The nationalist — whose Shiite militia battled US troops after the 2003 invasion faces a deeply fragmented political landscape and opposition from key player Iran after he called for foreign influence in Iraq to be cut.But negotiations which tentatively began after the vote — look set to drag out and it remains far from certain that Sadr’s group will claim power after the first vote since the defeat of the Islamic State group.
Poised in second place with some 47 seats is the pro-Iranian Conquest Alliance made up of ex-fighters from mainly Shiite paramilitary units that battled IS.He called for “dialogue” to create a new government that “must be demonstrably non-elitist (and) representative of the people rather than dominated by one side or denomination”.Abadi who came to power in 2014 as IS rampaged across Iraq — has balanced off rivals the US and Iran and could still remain in position as a consensus candidate.
The protracted horse-trading comes at a time of high tensions after Washington’s withdrawal from a landmark nuclear deal with Tehran and fears of a tug-of-war over Iraq.Even before Sadr’s victory was confirmed, Iran had already been convening meetings to try to block him from forming a government.According to officials, Soleimani has ruled out any alliance with Sadr, who surprised many last year by visiting Iran’s regional foe Saudi Arabia as Riyadh seeks increased involvement in Iraq.
Soleimani’s shuttle diplomacy is aimed at gathering enough parties opposed to Sadr to deny his alliance a governable majority and a route to the powerful position of prime minister — though Sadr himself says he is not in the running for the top job.Washington envoy Brett McGurk has been meeting with leading politicians in both Baghdad and the autonomous Kurdistan region to the north.Attracting the Kurds and the marginalised Sunni community will prove important for anyone seeking to come to power, as Iraq looks to carry out the mammoth task of rebuilding after the defeat of IS.